Technology can make our world more impartial, peaceful and equitable. Digital advance will end extreme poverty, reduce maternal and child mortality, promote sustainable farming and decent work, and make everyone readable and writable In particular, we can help and accelerate the achievement of each of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Technology, on the other hand, can threaten privacy, jeopardize safety, and even fuel unequal fires. It also affects human rights and human activities. As with previous generations, whether it's a government, a company or an individual, we have the choice to make use of new technologies.
Does anyone have a digital future
Digital technology is moving faster than any other innovation in history, transforming society by penetrating around 50% of the developing world population in just 20 years. By improving connectivity, financial inclusion, access to commerce and public services, technology can be a major driver of equality.
For example, in the medical sector, AI-powered advanced technology is useful for lifesaving, disease diagnosis, and longevity. In education, thanks to virtual learning environments and distance learning, we are able to teach students who would otherwise have been excluded. With regard to public services, access and accountability have been improved through a blockchain-based system, and AI support has reduced the burden of paperwork. Big data can also support more responsive and accurate policies and programs.
But those who have yet to connect with technology can be left behind and left behind in this new era. Among the marginalized population are women, the elderly and persons with disabilities, as well as ethnic or linguistic minorities, indigenous peoples, poor or remote areas. There are even cases where the pace of connections slows or even reverses. For example, the percentage of women who use the Internet worldwide is 12% lower than that of men. In most regions, this gap narrowed from 2013 to 2017, but in developing countries alone, the gap widens from 30% to 33%.
The use of algorithms can reflect or even amplify human and systematic biases if they work on data that lacks sufficient diversity. Lack of diversity in the technology sector may also indicate that this issue has not been adequately addressed.
Future of work
Throughout history, the technological revolution has transformed the workforce by creating new forms and patterns of work, while obsolete conventional work and causing wider social change. The current wave of change is likely to have profound effects. The International Labor Organization (ILO), for example, is moving towards a more eco-friendly economy by adopting sustainable practices in the energy sector, using electric vehicles, and improving energy efficiency in existing and new buildings in 2030. By then, we expect to create new jobs for 24 million people worldwide.
Meanwhile, reports by groups such as McKinsey say that 800 million people could lose jobs due to automation by 2030, and a survey of attitudes shows that most of all employees find jobs with high salaries. It turns out that they are worried that they lack the training and skills needed to gain.
To manage these trends, we should approach education by placing greater emphasis on science, technology, and mathematics, teaching soft skills and resilience, and enabling people to relearn and improve their skills throughout their lives. There is widespread agreement on the need to change. Especially for unpaid work, such as raising children at home and nursing care, demand is likely to rise due to changes in the global demographic structure, so it will be necessary to provide even more support.
The future of data
Digital technologies such as data collection and AI are now being used to track and diagnose agricultural, medical and environmental problems, and to perform routine tasks such as traffic directions and bill payments. While they can be used for the protection and enforcement of human rights, they can also be used for human rights violations, for example by monitoring our movements, shopping, conversations and actions. More governments and businesses have tools for data mining and data usage for financial and other purposes.
However, if there are formulas that improve restrictions on ownership of personal data, then personal data will be an asset to the individual. Data-driven technologies have the potential to empower individuals, improve human well-being and promote universal rights, depending on what protection is introduced.
The future of social media
Nearly half of the world's population is connected via social media. Social media allows people to speak their voice and speak to people around the world in real time. However, on the other hand, by giving a field for hate speech and hoaxes, or by amplifying the echo chamber phenomenon, prejudice may be solidified or a cause of discord may be created.
In this way, social media algorithms can help divide society around the world. However, the opposite effect may be possible.
Future of cyber space
How to manage these trends is a topic of active debate both domestically and internationally in times of growing geopolitical tensions. The Secretary-General of the United Nations has responded to the “major crack” between the world's powers, each with their own dominant currencies, trade and financial rules, conflicting geopolitical and military views, as well as unique Internet and AI technologies. , The alarm bell is ringing. Such a division could also create a digital version of the "Wall of Berlin". Universal cyberspace, which reflects digital cooperation between nations and global standards for peace and security, human rights and sustainable development, is increasingly considered essential to maintaining global cohesion. It was "Global commitment to digital cooperation" is one of the key recommendations of the Secretary-General's high-level panel on digital cooperation.